The Kaufman Speech to Language Protocol (K-SLP) is a treatment approach for childhood apraxia of speech (CAS), other speech sound disorders, and expressive language challenges.
It began in the 1980s as an approach that followed B.F. Skinner’s principles of operant conditioning, specifically shaping new behaviors. In this case the behavior is that of speech, a fine motor skill.
The K-SLP focuses on the child's motor-speech skills, shaping the consonants, vowels, and syllable shapes/gestures from what he or she is capable of producing toward higher levels of motor-speech coordination. Speech and language are broken down into smaller units (consonants, vowels, syllables, and words) and built back up into the target behavior (age-appropriate motor-speech and expressive language skills) using cues, fading cues, cueing before failure (errorless teaching); using powerful and strategic reinforcement (motor learning principles); gaining many responses within a session; and using a variety of tasks to avoid overgeneralization. In this way, successive approximations of target vocabulary are reinforced, giving the child a functional avenue by which to become an effective vocal communicator.
Source: cccloud.com; asha.org
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