Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy

Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy

Also called myofunctional therapy, it is the "neuromuscular re-education or re-patterning of the oral and facial muscles". The therapy includes facial and tongue exercises and behavior modification techniques to promote proper tongue position, improved breathing, chewing, and swallowing. Proper head and neck postures are also addressed.

The basic treatment aims of orofacial myofunctional therapist is to reeducate the movement of muscles, restore correct swallowing patterns, and establish adequate labial-lingual postures. An interdisciplinary nature of treatment is always desirable to reach functional goals in terms of swallowing, speech, and other esthetic factors. A team approach has been shown to be effective in correcting orofacial myofunctional disorders. The teams include an orthodontist, dental hygienist, certified orofacial myologist, general dentist, otorhinolaryngologist, and a speech-language pathologist.

Goals/benefits of therapy

  1. Reinforce and establish a resting posture of the tongue away from the teeth, against the hard palate
  2. Establish appropriate oral, lingual, and facial muscle patterns that promote correct gestures for chewing and eating
  3. Retrain oral, lingual, and facial muscles to facilitate correct resting posture of tongue, lips, and jaw
  4. Establish mature swallowing patterns
  5. Prevent relapses after orthodontic treatment
  6. Improve relationship between dental arches; reduce open bite and overjet
  7. Improve nasal breathing patterns
  8. Maintain overall facial muscle tone needed for chewing, swallowing, and speech
  9. Create an oral environment that creates favorable conditions for development of dentition
  10. Eliminate open-mouth posture
  11. Eliminate dry mouth condition or xerostomia
  12. Improve oral hygiene
  13. Eliminate digit-sucking behaviors to facilitate normal growth of the palatal arch

Source: wikipedia.org; aomtinfo.org


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Suggested By:   Blossomville

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